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Bidding Information
Lot #    8447
Auction End Date    10/19/2004 1:34:00 PM (mm/dd/yyyy)
Title Information
Title (English)    Tov Ro’i; Migdol David
Title (Hebrew)    מגדול דוד; טוב רואי
Author    R. Jacob Weil; R. David Gruenhut
City    Frankfort am Main
Publisher    Johann Wust
Publication Date    1702
Collection Information
Independent Item    This listing is an independent item not part of any collection
Description Information
   First edition. [6], 8; 72, 4 ff., 190:155 mm., includes final 4 ff. not present in many copies, light age staining, stamp on title. A very good copy bound in modern boards.
   Two works, Tov Ro’i by R. Jacob Weil and Migdol David by R. David Gruenhut, printed and published together by R. Gruenhut. There is an introduction to both titles by R. Gruenhut followed by Tov Ro’i. This work, printed in the form of responsa, is R. Jacob ben Judah Weil’s (d. c.1456) work on shehitah, the laws of ritual slaughter. The text is in two columns in rabbinic type, excepting headers and initial words. R. Weil was a student of R. Jacob Moellin (Maharil), and served as rabbi in Nuremberg, Augsburg, Bamberg, and from 1444, Erfurt. R. Moellin, who ordained R. Weil, authorized him to serve as rabbi (or establish a yeshivah) in Nuremberg, but R. Weil initially abstained in order to not offend R. Zalman Katz who had preceded him in this capacity. At a later date R. Weil did officiate in both capacities there, apparently harmoniously with R. Katz. R. Weil was widely recognized as a leading halakhic authority, so that queries were submitted to him from respected scholars, for example, R. Israel Isserlein (Terumat ha-Deshen), and from distant locations. R. Weil’s Hilkhot Shehitah u-Vedikah is an important work on the subject and has been the subject of commentaries.

Migdol David is homilies on Genesis by R. David ben Nathan Gruenhut (17th–18th centuries). It is set in a single column in rabbinic type, excepting headers and initial words, which are in square type. The text, according to the title page, is according to the order of the Torah, Mishnah, Talmud, Rashi, Tosafot, and Midrash Aggadah. R. Gruenhut was a German talmudist and kabbalist. In 1682, he printed R. Hayyim Vital's Sefer ha-Gilgulim, but was prevented from distributing it by the rabbinate of Frankfort, which opposed kabbalistic works because of the danger of Shabbateanism. Two years later, however, while at Heimerdingen, he published it again, this time through a Christian printer in Frankfort. After serving as rabbi for several years in neighboring towns (Idstein, Aue, and perhaps also Heimerdingen), he returned to Frankfort, becoming one of the scholars in the bet ha-midrash founded by R. David Oppenheim. R. Gruenhut also published the Sefer Hasidim of R. Judah he-Hasid with his own commentary (Frankfort, 1712) and in the following year R. Samuel Uceda’s Midrash Shemu’el (Frankfort, 1713). On friendly terms with Eisenmenger and Schudt before they published their anti-Semitic works, he wrote an adulatory preface to the former's edition of the Bible. At the end of the volume are R. Gruenhut’s novellae on Megillah, with new foliation but still under the title Migdol David.

Paragraph 2    הוא קצת פירוש על שחיטות ובדיקות ... מהר"ר יעקב ווייל ... על דרך שאלה ותשובה ... על פי רוב דעות הפוסקים האחרונים ... הלכה למעשה ... ואחריו ספר מגדול דוד, והוא מתוקן ... עפ"י סדר הפרשיות התורה ומשנה ותלמוד ופירש"י ותוספות ומדרש ואגדה ... חברו ... אחד מהחובשי בית המדרש החדש אשר הוקם פה מקרוב ע"י ... מורינו ורבינו דוד נרו אופנהיים ... ה"ה ... הרבני אשר מקדם היה אב"ד ומ"צ ... בק"ק אויא ואגפי' ובמדינת איטש טין, מיודעי חן ... ר' דוד גרין הוט, בן ... ר' נתן זצ"ל בן הדיין ... ר' דוד זצ"ל בן הראש פרנס ומנהיג וגובה הקהילה כהר"ר ישראל גרין הוט, בן ... כמר משה היימרדינגין ז"ל. ומהר"ר דוד הנ"ל חתן הקצין ... ר' זנויל גלהייזר ז"ל חתנו של ... ר' משה אופנהיים ז"ל הוא דוד ... נכד לאבי אמו ... אב"ד ור"מ ופרנס ומנהיג ... ר' שמעון גינצבורג זצ"ל, חתן ... ר' משה האס ז"ל ובן ... ר' יעקב גינצבורג ... והוא חתן לדודו אחי אביו ... ר' ליזר גינצבורג ז"ל שמת בצפת ... ובן ... ר' אשר אהרן יכונה לעמלי גינצבורג זצ"ל, ה"ה בני ... שמעון גינצבורג ז"ל. ומה"ר ליזר הנ"ל חתן ... ר' משה איסרליס זצ"ל ... חתנו של ... ר' שכנא זצ"ל מק"ק לובלין. הוא שמעון הנ"ל ב"ר אברהם בן הרב מהר"ר יחיאל זצ"ל מפורטי ...

הקדמת המחבר חתומה בתאריך: טבת תס"ג. ח דף: טוב רואי. עב דף: מגדול דוד. ד דף: ביאור בתוספות במגילה ובקידושין. עיין: ווינער, עמ' 547, מס' 4492.

   EJ; Fuenn, Keneset, S.V.; Horovitz, Frankfurter Rabbinen, 2 (1883), 54–55; Vin Frank. a. Main 179; Yudlov Ginzei 813; CD-EPI 0117895
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Listing Classification
18th Century:    Checked
Germany:    Checked
Halacha:    Checked
Homiletics:    Checked
Responsa:    Checked
First Editions:    Checked
Language:    Hebrew
Manuscript Type
Kind of Judaica