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Bidding Information
Lot #    8520
Auction End Date    12/7/2004 10:24:00 AM (mm/dd/yyyy)
          
Title Information
Title (English)    Ma'aneh Lashon
Title (Hebrew)    מענה לשון
Author    [Education] R. Isaac Uziel of Fez
City    Amsterdam
Publisher    Solomon Proophs
Publication Date    1710
          
Collection Information
Independent Item    This listing is an independent item not part of any collection
          
Description Information
Physical
Description
   16 ff., 155:100 mm, stamp on title, light age staining. A very good copy bound in the original vellum boards.
          
Detailed
Description
   R. Isaac Uziel of Fez (d. 1622), was the son of R. Abraham Uziel, a rabbi of Fez where Isaac was born. In consequence of the famine in Morocco during 1604–05, he left Fez and settled in Oran, Algeria, where he served as rabbi. From there he went in 1606 to Amsterdam where he became a teacher in the community's bet ha-midrash and also engaged in business. In 1610 when R. Judah Vega, the first rabbi of the Neveh Shalom congregation, retired, R. Isaac was invited to succeed him. He was a very strong personality, and in his sermons inveighed against those who were lax in their observance and against the Marranos who had not completely abandoned Christian views. As a result many of the Marranos left his community and in 1618 established a separate congregation. Among his pupils were R. Manasseh Ben Israel and R. Isaac Athias.

He wrote a large number of poems which have real literary value, but only a few were published, some of them in the festival prayer books of North Africa. Uziel also studied grammar, writing Ma'aneh Lashon (Amsterdam, 1627) on this subject. He translated from Spanish into Hebrew legends and fables of Indian origin well known throughout the world that were called in Latin Historia Septem Sapientium and in Hebrew Mishlei Erasto. These were first published in serial form by R. Abraham Elmaleh in the periodical, Mizrah u-Ma'arav. Uziel appears to have been one of the Amsterdam rabbis who excommunicated Uriel da Costa. As a result of his conservative extremism and excessively stern persecution of his opponents, relations between him and R. Leone Modena became strained.

          
Paragraph 2    ... ללמד לתלמידים דרך קצרה ... חכמת הדקדוק (מפי... רבי יצחק עוזיאל נ"ע. ולשלמות המלאכה ראיתי להעתיק מלשון עברי אל ספרדי [באותיות עבריות] שמות הדקדוק... נדפס שנית עם תוספות מראה מקום מהפסוקים... כולל חכמת הדקדוק (מפי... רבי יצחק עוזיאל נ"ע)...

הסכמה: ר' צבי אשכנזי, אמשטרדם, ח אלול ת"ע.

          
Reference
Description
   CD-EPI 0155550; EJ; Brody, in: JQR, 13 (1922/23), 70–73; Davidson, Ozar, 4 (1933), index; C. Roth, Life of Menasseh Ben Israel (1934), 22–24, 32–34; Hirschberg, Afrikah, 2 (1965), 102–3.
        
Associated Images
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Listing Classification
Period
  
18th Century:    Checked
  
Location
Holland:    Checked
  
Subject
Liturgy:    Checked
  
Characteristic
Bindings:    Checked
Language:    Hebrew
  
Manuscript Type
  
Kind of Judaica