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Bidding Information
Lot #    8673
Auction End Date    12/7/2004 12:57:00 PM (mm/dd/yyyy)
Title Information
Title (English)    Azharot
Title (Hebrew)    אזהרות - ישיר משה
Author    R. Isaac b. Reuben Albergaloni
City    Leghorn
Publisher    Jedidya b. Isaac Gabai
Publication Date    1655
Collection Information
Independent Item    This listing is an independent item not part of any collection
Description Information
   First edition of commentary, second edition of the work. 118 ff., 147:103 mm., light age staining, stamps on title. A very good copy bound in later full leather boards.
Paragraph 1    The R. Nahum Dover Friedmann, Rebbe of Sadgora, copy, with his stamps on title and bookplate on endpaper. The Sadgora dynasty of Hasidism, was established by R. Israel Friedmann of Ruzhin who arrived in Sadgora after he was released from prison in Russia and established a magnificent "court" there. His royal style of living aroused opposition from the Hasidim of Zanz. After World War II the center of the Sadgora dynasty was transferred to Erez Israel.
   R. Isaac b. Reuben Albergaloni, (i.e. "of Barcelona") (b. 1043), Spanish talmudist and liturgical poet. In a genizah fragment R. Al-Bargeloni is described as a pupil of R. Hanokh b. Moses and must, therefore, have studied for some time in Cordoba. His permanent residence was the coastal city of Denia, where he was presumably active as a dayyan until his death. Nahmanides was one of his descendants. R. Abraham ibn Daud extols his learning, including him among the four distinguished contemporaries of R. Isaac Alfasi, also called Isaac. R. Moses ibn Ezra and Al-Harizi praise his poetical talent, especially his ingenuity in interpolating biblical verses into his poems. This skill is particularly manifest in Isaac's azharot, in which all 145 strophes end with a biblical quotation. The azharot have been included in most North African rites published since 1655 and have been frequently published, both alone and together with those of R. Solomon ibn Gabirol. Of R. Isaac's other poems there are extant two introductions to the azharot, two tokhehot (one unpublished), two mi-khamokha, and an ahavah. His halakhic works consist of commentaries to single tractates of the Talmud (not preserved), and a translation from Arabic to Hebrew of R. Hai Gaon's Sefer ha-Mikkah ve-ha-Mimkar made in 1078. According to R. Simeon b. Zemah Duran (Responsa 1:15), R. Judah b. Barzillai al-Bargeloni was Isaac's pupil.
Paragraph 2    להגאון רבינו יצחק בר ראובן ז"ל, שנוהגים לאומרם בכל ארצות המערב בשני הימים של חג השבועות. עם פירושם של... ר' משה מועטי נר"ו. ונקרא שמו בישראל ישיר משה...

מעבר לשער שני שירים בשבח הספר, מאת ר' יצחק ב"ר מסעוד מועטי: [1] ספר אשר פירש לאזהרות. אוצר השירה והפיוט, ג, עמ` 245, מס` 211. [2] קנו דודים לספר מחמדים. שם, עמ' 345, מס' 385. דף ב,א: שיר בשבח הספר, מאת ר' משה ב"ר מרדכי צייארי. פותח: אנא אנשים בחרו ספר. שם, א, עמ' 284, מס' 6236. דף צד-קיח, עם שער חלקי: אזהרות להרב רבי שלמה בן גבירול ([עם] ביאור המלות [מאת ר' יוסף הלועז]). דף צה-צו,א: רשות אזהרות. פותחת: אמון יום זה. נחלו עם זה. סימן אני דויד בן אלעזר בקודה חזק. אוצר השירה והפיוט, א, עמ' 254, מס' 5582.

   CD-EPI 0178207; EJ
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Listing Classification
17th Century:    Checked
Italy:    Checked
Hasidic:    Checked
Liturgy:    Checked
Other:    Poetry
Autographed:    Checked
First Editions:    Checked
Language:    Hebrew
Manuscript Type
Kind of Judaica