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Bidding Information
Lot #    8723
Auction End Date    12/7/2004 1:47:00 PM (mm/dd/yyyy)
Title Information
Title (English)    Ha-Dat ve-ha-Le’ummiyyut; Perush Shelosh Esreih...
Title (Hebrew)    הדת והלאומיות; פירוש שלש עשרה מדות
Author    R. Samuel Jacob Rabinowitz; R. Saadiah Gaon
City    Warsaw; Cluj
Publisher    A. Balashar; A. Kaufman
Publication Date    1900; 1922
Collection Information
Independent Item    This listing is an independent item not part of any collection
Description Information
   [4], ii, 3-124 (lacking pp. 125-40) pp.; 12 ff., 228:140 mm., wide margins, light age staining. A good copy bound in contemporary boards, split.
   Two works bound together; BE daled 1405, peh 300; Ha-Dat ve-ha-Le’ummiyyut and Shelosh Esreih Middot Sheh hs-Torah Nidreshet be-hem. Ha-Dat ve-ha-Le’ummiyyut is essays on the religious aspects of Zionism by R. Samuel Jacob Rabinowitz. It begins with a table of contents and an introduction from the publisher, followed by the essays, of which there are eleven, eight in this copy.

R. Samuel Jacob Rabinowitz, (1857–1921) was a Lithuanian rabbi and Zionist leader. Born in Kelme, Rabinowitz held rabbinical posts at Ivye, Aleksot, and Sopotskin and was esteemed as a writer of responsa and novellae, some of which were collected in his Sefer Orah Yashar (1903). An early member of the Hovevei Zion, Rabinowitz attended the Second Zionist Congress, where he made a deep impression on both Theodor Herzl and the delegates; he was elected to the Zionist General Council, later serving as one of the first directors of the Jewish Colonial Trust. In 1899 Rabinowitz led the Lithuanian Zionists in their battle against the Lishkah Shehorah, a group of violently anti-Zionist rabbis. As a result of his vigorous efforts, over 100 East European rabbis wrote letters in support of the Zionist movement. After the Fourth Zionist Congress Rabinowitz accompanied Isaac J. Reines on a mission to the Warsaw area, where their efforts to gain the support of leading hasidic rabbis for the Zionist cause met with some success.

In 1906 Rabinowitz was appointed rabbi of Liverpool, where he did much to promote traditional observance and communal harmony, despite the early hostility of more Anglicized members of the local community. Together with Reines, he founded the Mizrachi world movement of religious Zionists in 1902, and he maintained his Zionist activity in England, being elected president of the British Mizrachi organization at its first conference in 1918. A volume of his essays and addresses, Li-Tekufot ha-Yamim ("The Cycle of Seasons," 1918), was sponsored by Ahad Ha-Am, and a supplementary work, Sefer Yashresh Ya'akov (1925), appeared as Liverpool Jewry's memorial tribute, with a preface written by Rabinowitz's successor, Isser Yehudah Unterman. He inspired the character of "Reb Shemu'el" in Herzl's novel Altneuland.

Shelosh Esreih Middot Sheh hs-Torah Nidreshet be-hem, the second work, if by R. Saadiah Gaon. This, the first edition of this work, was translated from the original Arabic by R. Nahum ja-Katan and published by Hayyim Judah Ehrenreich. It was taken from a manuscript in Oxford. The introduction informs that this is the first time this important commentary on rabbinic hermeneutics by R. Saadiah’s has been published. The text is in a single column in square letters; below it are Ehrenreich glosses in rabbinic Letters.

R. Saadiah ben Joseph Gaon (882-942). Saadiah has been described as the father of medieval Jewish philosophy, the first to provided a systematic philosophic justification of Judaism. He was born in Dilaz, in Faiyum upper Egypt. For reasons that are unclear the family had to relocate to Jaffa, Erez Israel. Saadiah was already a scholar before leaving Egypt, for he was the author there, at the age of twenty, of a Hebrew rhyming dictionary (Agron). For a time Saadiah was in Babylonia, then Aleppo, Syria, and again in Babylonia, where, at the age of thirty eight, the exilarch, David ben Zakkai appointed Saadiah gaon of the yeshivah in Sura.

Paragraph 2    קובץ מאמרים שנדפסו בכה"ע (ב"המליץ" בשנות תרנ"ה - תר"ס), מאת שמואל יעקב ראבינאוויץ האב"ד דסאפאצקין - לפנים באלעקסאט, מסודרים ומתוקנים בידי המחבר. הוצאת ציוני קאוונא, ע"י בימה"ס [בית מסחר הספרים] של א. באלאשער בקאוונא.

פירוש שלש עשרה מדות שהתורה נדרשת בהם [עם הפנים], שפירש ... רבינו סעדיה הגאון ... בלשון ערבי, ונעתק לעברית על ידי נחום הקטן [בן יעקב מערבי]. מונח בכתב יד ... באקספארד. יצא לאור עם הערות ותקונים ומראה מקומות והקדמה על ידי חיים יהודא עהרענרייך ...

מההקדמה: "הפירוש הזה הו"ל בפעם ראשונה ר' שניאור זלמן שעכטער עפ"י הכתב יד באקספארד, בבית תלמוד שנה ד [תרמ"ד] ... על פי מה שנדפס בבית תלמוד הואלתי להכין הפי' הזה לרס"ג לדפוס".

   EJ; JE; JC (June 17 and 24, 1921); G. Kressel, in: Kazir (1964), 123–39; J. L. Maimon, Sarei ha-Me'ah, 6 (1956), 217–21; L. P. Gartner, Jewish Immigrant in England (1960), 193–6, 216, 249; G. E. Silverman, in: Jewish Review (May 31, 1961); idem, in: Niv ha-Midrashiyyah (Spring, 1970), 74–81 (Eng. section); CD-EPI 0166377; 0114402
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Listing Classification
20th Century:    Checked
Russia-Poland:    Checked
Other:    Hungary
Halacha:    Checked
Novellae:    Checked
First Editions:    Checked
Language:    Hebrew
Manuscript Type
Kind of Judaica