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Nuovi Regolamenti e Costituzioni
[Community - First Ed.]
This listing is an independent item not part of any collection
III, 19 pp., 194:134 mm., wide margins, light age and damp staining. A very good copy bound in the original paper wrappers.
Constitution of the Hesed ve-Emet Burial Society in Florence. The city is rich with Jewish history, Jewish merchants may have lived in Florence in the Roman period, but there is no evidence to support this assumption. A few Jewish residents - doctors, merchants, and moneylenders - are mentioned in the 14th and the beginning of the 15th centuries. Representatives of the Jewish communities in Italy, assembled in Florence in 1428, obtained a letter of protection from Pope Martin V. The community was established in 1437 when some Jewish financiers were invited to open loan banks in Florence, Generally, the Jews met with hostility from the populace, while the aristocracy, especially the Medici family, protected them. The obligation to wear the Jewish badge was frequently enforced and then suspended. There were anti-Jewish demonstrations in 1458 and 1471. Further threats of violence were restrained with difficulty when Bernardino da Feltre preached in Florence in 1488, and he was escorted from the city. When he reappeared in 1493 and 1495 the government again had to protect the Jewish population. After the triumph of Savonarola and the expulsion of the Medici family in 1494 a Monte di PietB was established and the Jews were expelled. The implementation of this measure was postponed for some while as the Jews had extended credit to the republic, but they were eventually forced to leave. The Medici returned to Florence in 1512, and in 1514 Jewish moneylenders were recalled. In 1527 the Medici were again banished, and the Jews received orders to leave, their expulsion being delayed. On the accession of Alessandro de Medici as duke (1531) the anti-Jewish enactments were abolished. Cosimo I (1537–74) and his wife Eleonora of Toledo were on friendly terms with the Abrabanel family of Naples (afterward of Ferrara). It was on Jacob Abrabanel's advice that the duke authorized an appeal, directed primarily to Jews, promising wide privileges to merchants willing to settle in Florence. Cosimo consented to the burning of the Talmud in the cities within the duchy (1553). However he offered refuge to many Jews who left the papal states as a result of Pope Paul IV's repressive measures, which he refused to implement in Florence. Cosimo modified his attitude when seeking to obtain the pope's agreement to his assumption of the title of grand duke. Under Pius V he introduced the badge (1567) and established a ghetto (1571).
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Italian, some Hebrew
Kind of Judaica