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Bidding Information
Lot #    9259
Auction End Date    2/15/2005 11:18:00 AM (mm/dd/yyyy)
Title Information
Title (English)    Yosif Omez
Title (Hebrew)    יוסף אומץ
Author    [First Ed. - Customs] R. Joseph Yuspa Hahn
City    Frankfort am Main
Publisher    Johann Kelner
Publication Date    1723
Collection Information
Independent Item    This listing is an independent item not part of any collection
Description Information
   First edition. [8], 212 ff., 151:90 mm., usual heavy staining. A very good copy bound in later calf boards, rubbed.
   Deals mainly with the laws and customs of the Jewish calendar and liturgy, particularly those prevalent in contemporary Frankfort. The Author quotes the custom of reciting the hymn "Lekhah Dodi" on Friday evenings as a "new" one, recently introduced. He deliberately substitutes his own phrases for those which, in the original, refer to "going out" to meet the Sabbath, since this custom obtained only in Erez Israel, where the hymn was composed; the words he substituted retain the acrostic of the author's name. Hahn also voiced his displeasure at the new custom of delaying the commencement of the evening service on the first night of Shavuot until a late hour.

The Yosif Omez is a valuable source book for the history of the contemporary Frankfort Jewish community. Hahn mentions, for instance, the local Purim (Adar 20), instituted to commemorate the hanging of Fettmilch (no. 1107–09). He also records the comparatively slight damage suffered by the community as a result of the passage of soldiers through the area during the Thirty Years' War. The Yosif Omez is written in a pious vein, and the concluding chapters are devoted to ethics. In the sections on pedagogy, Hahn deplored the ignorance of the Bible prevalent among rabbis of his day. He suggested that a boy who showed no sign of progress in the study of the Talmud by the age of 13 be withdrawn from its study and taught Bible instead.

R. Joseph Yuspa b. Phinehas Seligmann Hahn (Nordlingen) (1570–1637), German rabbi and author. Hahn spent all his life in Frankfort. He was present during the Fettmilch riots, the subsequent expulsion of the Jews from the city in 1614, and their triumphant return two years later after Fettmilch was hanged. Hahn was head of the Frankfort bet din and of the local yeshivah. When there was no other incumbent, he also filled the office of communal rabbi. Hahn was a contemporary and colleague of R. Isaiah Horowitz (Shelah). In 1718, Joseph Kosman, one of Hahn's descendants, published his own Noheg Ka-Zon Yosef in Hanau, in which he quoted freely from his kinsman's work, sometimes without indicating his source.

Paragraph 2    אשר חיבור [!] ותיקן ... מוח"ז ... ר' יוסף יוזפא האן נוירלינגן ז"ל שהי' ראש לדייני וב"י [ובני ישיבה] דק"ק פ"פ דמיין ... לילך בדרכי ה' בתמימות ... דכולי' בי' הן דיני' הנהוגי' בכל השנה חדשה חגה שבתה מר"ח ניסן עד סוף ואדר וכסדר ... גאוני קדמאי מהרי"ל [ר' יעקב הלוי סג"ל מולין] ומהר"א [ר' איזיק] טירנא ז"ל ... ובפרטות כל מנהגי פה ק"ק פ"פ דמיין וגם הכריע בין הפוסקי' ... גם העתיק כל ספרי מוסר ומוסיף מדילי' ועברונת בקיצור ... וסדר ק"ש שלו ... הובא אל הדפוס מגוף הכת' ... ע"י חתנו האלוף הדיין מהור"ר משה דארום מק"ק פפ דמיין ... (חלק א-ג).

דף [6, ב-7]: "הקדמה מהדיין חתנו של מחבר", ר' משה רייש דארום. יש הבדלים ניכרים בין כתבי היד של החיבור ואף בין הטפסים של הספר המודפס. השינויים בין הטפסים הנדפסים הם בסעיפים תפד-תצג: בעת ההדפסה נשמטו כמה סעיפים שיש בהם משום תרעומת הגויים. עיין: ש. אש, שינויים ב"יוסף אומץ" והרקע ההיסטורי, קובץ לזכרו של אליעזר שמיר, שדה-אליהו תשי"ח, עמ' 162-155.

   CD-EPI 0118710; EJ; Kovez le-Zikhro shel Eli'ezer Shamir (1957), 155–62
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Listing Classification
18th Century:    Checked
Germany:    Checked
Customs:    Checked
First Editions:    Checked
Language:    Hebrew
Manuscript Type
Kind of Judaica