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Bidding Information
Lot #    9309
Auction End Date    2/15/2005 12:08:00 PM (mm/dd/yyyy)
          
Title Information
Title (English)    Tikkun Hazot
Title (Hebrew)    תקון חצות
Author    [Kabbalah - Liturgy]
City    Mantua
Publisher    Mehalalel b. Menahem Isaac ha-Levi
Publication Date    1713
          
Collection Information
Independent Item    This listing is an independent item not part of any collection
          
Description Information
Physical
Description
   8 ff., 168:123 mm., extra wide margins, old hand on title. A very good copy bound in contemporary paper wrappers, rubbed.
          
Detailed
Description
   Kabbalistic liturgies to be recited at midday based on the teachings of R. Moses Zacuto.

The prayers are similiar to the prayers recited at midnight in memory of the destruction of the Temple and for the restoration to the Land of Israel. This custom developed from the rabbinic description of G-d mourning the destruction. It is recorded that during the night He "sits and roars like a lion, exclaiming: `Woe to the children, on account of whose sins I destroyed My house and burnt My temple and exiled them among the nations of the world'" (Ber. 3a). The hour of midnight was chosen because David arose at this hour to study and pray, as it is said, "At midnight I will rise to give thanks unto Thee" (Ps. 119:62; Ber. 3b–4a).

This practice became formalized under the influence of the Kabbalah during the period of R. Isaac Luria (Ari z'l). Two separate forms of the service developed known as Tikkun Rahel and Tikkun Le'ah. Tikkun Rahel, consisting of Psalms 137 and 79 and Tehinnot on the destruction of the Temple, is recited on days when Tahanun is said. On the Sabbath, festivals, and days when Tahanun is omitted, Tikkun Le'ah, consisting of more joyful psalms, such as 111 and 126, and selections from the Mishnah (Tamid ch. 1), is recited.

          
Paragraph 2    אשר הנהיג לומר בן המצרים אחר חצות יום החכם... משה זכות...

נועד לחברה "שם טוב וסועדת חלשים" במנטובה. שמות ראשי החברה בהקדמה שמעבר לשער: יהודה אריה בן משה משולם הלוי, יוסף בן אברהם חיים מפאנו וישראל חי בן מרדכי חיים קולורני. הפועל: נפתלי בן אהרן פולאקו מויניציאה. באותה שנה יצאה אצל אותו המדפיס הוצאה נוספת, עבור חברת "חדשים לבקרים" במנטובה. על פי ויניציאה תס"ד, עם הוספות והשמטות שונות.

          
Reference
Description
   CD-EPI 0303661
        
Associated Images
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Listing Classification
Period
  
18th Century:    Checked
  
Location
Italy:    Checked
  
Subject
  
Kabbalah:    Checked
Liturgy:    Checked
  
Characteristic
Bindings:    Checked
Language:    Hebrew
  
Manuscript Type
  
Kind of Judaica