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Tefilot Yom Kippur Katan
תפלות יום כפור קטן
[Liturgy - Kabbalah]
Grossh. Bad. priv. Hebraeischen Buchdruckerey
This listing is an independent item not part of any collection
24 ff., 177:102 mm., light age staining. A very good copy not bound as published.
Yom Kippur Katan (minor day of atonement), the eve of the new month which became for the pious a day of fast and repentance. The custom of keeping Yom Kippur Katan is a late one, and is not mentioned in the Shulhan Arukh. It began among the kabbalists of Safed in the second half of the 16th century and is first spoken of by R. Moses Cordovero. The waning of the moon was conceived by the kabbalists as a symbol of the exile of the Shekhinah ("Divine Presence") and the diminution of the power of holiness during the Exile, and its renewal as a symbol of the return to perfection in the age of Redemption. They based this conception on the talmudic legend according to which G-d had said to Israel: "Bring atonement upon me for making the moon smaller" (Hul. 60b). In addition to the reading of the Torah and other prayers and selihot, customary for a fast day, special selihot were written for the afternoon prayer (Minhah) of Yom Kippur Katan. They are based on the themes of Exile and Redemption. The special service Tikkun Yom Kippur Katan was first printed in Sha'arei Ziyyon (Prague, 1662) by R. Nathan Nata Hannover. Later it appeared in different versions and in special books which were very popular until the 19th century. The tikkun (special prayer) in Hemdat Yamin is particularly well known. The first halakhic reference to Yom Kippur Katan appears in Bayit Hadash by R. Joel Sirkes. The celebration of Yom Kippur Katan became widespread because of the many commendations by R. Isaiah b. Abraham Horowitz in Shenei Luhot ha-Berit. Later the custom became popular among the pious who observed this day as though it were sanctioned by halakhah without any connection with Kabbalah.
CD-EPI 0307824; EJ
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Kind of Judaica