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Bidding Information
Lot #    9515
Auction End Date    2/15/2005 3:34:00 PM (mm/dd/yyyy)
Title Information
Title (English)    Hiddushei ha-Ritba
Title (Hebrew)    חידושי הריטב'א
Author    R. Yom Tov b. Abraham Ishbili (Ritba)
City    Amsterdam
Publisher    Joseph Dayyan
Publication Date    1729
Collection Information
Independent Item    This listing is an independent item not part of any collection
Description Information
   [4], 2-75. 2-29, 3-64, 55 ff., folio, 347:225 mm., small tears to title and final affecting text, wide margins, old hands and stamps on title, usual age staining, bound in later half cloth boards.
   Most comprehensive edition of the hiddushim of the R. Yom Tov ben Abraham Ishbili (Ritba, c. 1250–1330) to its time. The volume includes novellae on Eruvin, Ta’anit, Mo’ed Katan, Kettubot, and Bava Mezia. The text is preceded by approbations.

Ritba is considered among the great Sephardic Talmudic sages. A student of R. Aaron ha-Levi of Barcelona and R. Solomon b. Abraham Adret (Rashba), Ritba was recognized as a great scholar in his youth. Even during the lifetime of his teachers, questions were addressed to him for he was regarded as among the leading Spanish rabbis. After the death of his teachers, he was regarded by Spanish Jewry as its spiritual leader. When the community of Daroca introduced certain decrees, it was stated that this was done “in the name of R. Asher [b. Jehiel] and in that of R. Yom Tov b. al-Ishbili.” His bet din was referred to by contemporary rabbis as”the great and excellent bet din.” Althought he author of other works, Ritba’s reputation rests upon his novellae to the Talmud, Hiddushei ha-Ritba, which he apparently began writing from the direct dictation of his teacher R. Aaron ha-Levi.

When writing his hiddushim Ritba he realized that the work would be inordinately long, deciding therefore, to make an abbreviated version. There is even a possibility that he wrote a third version to some tractates. As a result, his novellae to different tractates are of different types and not always of the same quality. It is sometimes difficult to identify them with certainty. His novellae are, in general, very rich in early source material: tosafistic, Spanish, Provencal, and geonic, and display a considerable originality, though he is very much under the influence of his two great teachers.

Paragraph 2    על כמה מסכתות (עירובין, תענית, מועד קטן, כתובות ובבא מציעא). ותוספות מרובה חדושים ... ודינים מגאונים הראשונים. ומגאון ... ר' ישעיה סג"ל (הורוויץ) ... ומבנו ... ר' שעפטל סג"ל ... ואפריון נמטי ... לראש ... דיין ... דק"ק פוזנן כמהור"ר אברהם סג"ל נר"ו ... בן ... ר' ישעיה ... שהי' אב"ד ... פרנקפורט דמיין, בן ... ר' שעפטל ... נכד ... ר' ישעיה סג"ל ... ממשפחת הורוויץ ... אשר נתן לבו ... להוציא לאור ... הספר ...

חידושי הריטב"א לבבא מציעא שנדפסו כאן מורכבים משני חלקים: החידושים עד דף יא נדפסו קודם לכן בספר שאלות ותשובות ר' משה גאלנטי, ויניציאה שס"ח, והם כנראה מהדורא מוקדמת של החידושים (בהשוואה לחידושי הריטב"א האמיתיים למסכת זו, שנדפסו על ידי ר' אלחנן האלפרן, לונדון תשכ"ב). יתכן שמחברם הוא ר' קרשקאש ווידאל. ההמשך הוא חיבור אחר לגמרי, חידושים של אחד מחכמי פרובאנס (עיין במבוא למהדורת האלפרן).

הסכמות: ר' אברהם ב"ר יודא, אמשטרדם, כא אלול תפ"ח; ר' דוד ישראל עטיאס ור' יצחק חיים ן' דנא דיבריטו, אמשטרדם, בין כסא לעשור תפ"ט; ר' יעקב כהן מפראג, ורנקבורט, כב [מר]חשון תפ"ה; ר' נפתלי הכהן, פרנקפורט דמיין, כט תמוז תע"ו; ר' אברהם ב"ר שאול ברודא מפראג, פרנקפורט דמיין, ב אב תע"ה; ר' שמואל כהן שאטין אב"ד דרמשטאט, ורנקפורט, ה אב תע"ה.

   EJ; JE; Vinograd, Amsterdam 1346; CD-EPI 0135302
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Listing Classification
18th Century:    Checked
Holland:    Checked
Novellae:    Checked
Language:    Hebrew
Manuscript Type
Kind of Judaica